Origins of Modernism in Art: Surrealism Part I

Monday, April 11, 2022

Surrealism was the only major avant-garde to emerge in Paris between the two World Wars. It was founded in 1924 as a literary movement, but it quickly became, from 1925, primarily a movement in the visual arts, with Max Ernst, Joan Mirò, Jean Arp, André Masson, Man Ray, Yves Tanguy and Alberto Giacometti among its early protagonists. Building on abstraction and the Dada movement, Surrealism colonized a new territory for art – unconscious mental activity, charted for them by Sigmund Freud.

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